Metis and the Medicine Line
Creating a Border and Dividing a People
ISBN: 978-0-88977-380-6
Year: 2015
Pages: 352
Binding: Paperback
$34.95

"Beautifully written." - Sarah Carter, author of Lost Harvests and Capturing Women

"A tremendous accomplishment... this book will be the definitive one on this subject for years to come." - Andrew R. Graybill, author of The Red and the White and Policing the Great Plains.

Metis and the Medicine Line is a sprawling, ambitious look at how national borders and notions of race were created and manipulated to unlock access to indigenous lands. It is also an intimate story of individuals and families, brought vividly to life by history writing at its best. 

It begins with the emergence of the Plains Metis and ends with the fracturing of their communities as the Canada/U.S. border was enforced. It explores the borderland world of the Northern Plains, where an astonishing diversity of people met and mingled: Blackfoot, Cree, Gros Ventre, Lakota, Dakota, Nez Perce, Assiniboine, Anishinaabes, Metis, Europeans, Canadians, Americans, soldiers, police, settlers, farmers, hunters, traders, and bureaucrats. 

In examining the battles that emerged over who belonged on what side of the border, Hogue disputes Canada's peaceful settlement story of the Prairie West and challenges familiar bromides about the "world's longest undefended border." 

Contents

Acknowledgements.........................................................................................................................vii

Introduction: Borders and Belonging...........................................................................................1

Chapter 1. Emergence: Creating a Metis Borderland.............................................................15

Chapter 2. Exchange: Trade, Sovereignty, and the Forty- Ninth Parallel............................55

Chapter 3. Belonging: Land, Treaties, and the Boundaries of Race.................................100

Chapter 4. Resistance: Dismantling Plains Metis Borderland Settlements,  1879–1885........141
Chapter 5. Exile: Scrip and Enrollment Commissions and 
the Shifting Boundaries of Belonging, 1885–1920..............................................................183

Afterword......................................................................................................................................226

Notes............................................................................................................................................233

Bibliography................................................................................................................................287

Index............................................................................................................................................317

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
 
Hogue, Michel, 1974-, author 
          Metis and the medicine line : creating a border and dividing a people 
/ Michel Hogue. 
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Issued in print and electronic formats.
Co-published by: The University of North Carolina Press.
ISBN 978-0-88977-380-6 (paperback).--ISBN 978-0-88977-381-3 (html).--
ISBN 978-0-88977-382-0 (pdf)
 
          1. Métis--Canada, Western--History.  2. Métis--Great Plains--History.  
3. Métis--Government relations.  4. Métis--Ethnic identity.  5. Northern 
boundary of the United States--Ethnic relations.  6. Northern boundary of 
the United States--History--19th century.  7. Red River Settlement--History.  
8. Montana--Ethnic relations.  9. Borderlands--Canada--History.  
10. Borderlands--United States--History.  I. Title. 
 
E99.M47H64 2015      305.897'071     C2015-901678-9     C2015-901679-7

Michel Hogue

Michel Hogue is assistant professor of History at Carleton University in Ottawa.
"One major strength of this book is Hogue's incorporation of a massive amount of underused source material on the Plains Metis, much of which originates in American archives."
Heather Devine, The Canadian Historical Review
"Metis and the Medicine Line comes at a time of renewed focus on Metis history, one that recognizes the immense complexity of nineteenth century Metis life."
Adam Gaudry, Canadian Journal of History
"Adds greater depth to our knowledge and understanding of Metis people and their culture."
Keith Foster, Sask Books
"[O]ne of the best studies written about the western Canadian - US borderlands....It should be required reading for any class or seminar on North American transnational or borderlands history, as it will be for mine."
Sterling Evans, Labour / Le Travail
"Hogue provides a detailed, well-researched account of how this Prairie people developed its own customs and traditions while, at the same time, moving back and forth according to economic necessity across the U.S.-Canada border."
Christopher Adams, Winnipeg Free Press
"One of the most objective and detailed accounts of Metis history to be published in recent years."
Alberta History,
"Important and useful book, exhaustively researched and well written."
Jennifer S.H. Brown, Western Historical Quarterly
Invisable Roots-Candace Savage , Literary Review of Canada
Michel Hogue's book is a welcome addition to the literature on Canadian m├ętis and the westward expansion of Canada and the United States during the nineteenth century.
Oxford Academic , The Journal of Americain History

Table of Contents

"While the Metis created a structured society during the mid-nineteenth century, the creation of a boundary line between Canada and the United States effectively separated them.... one of the most objective and detailed accounts of Metis history to be published in recent years." Alberta History

"...provides an excellent examination of the historical factors underlining how a people could be shut out from their own lands and economic practices during the 19th century--an era that continues to influence us in the 21st century." Christopher Adams, Winnipeg Free Press

The Creative Industries Transition Fund is made possible through funding that was provided to the Saskatchewan Arts Board by the Government of Saskatchewan through the Ministry of Parks, Culture and Sport.