Beginning Cree
ISBN: 978-0-88977-435-3
Year: 2016
Pages: 165
Binding: Coil
$34.95

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Designed as an introduction for Cree language learners, Beginning Cree acts as a self-study aid--a much-needed resource in today's world where most students cannot speak Cree fluently. Basic grammar units and everyday vocabulary items guide the student through the building blocks of the language, and expansion drills and exercises reinforce lessons and prepare the student for further study. With over 100 delightful illustrations, Beginning Cree grounds the language in traditional and contemporary contexts.

 

Table of Contents

Chapter One: INTRODUCTION......................................... 5

1.  THE CREE....................................................................... 5

1.1  THE STANDARD ROMAN ORTHOGRAPHY.............6

1.1.a  CONSONANTS......................................................... 6

1.1.b  VOWELS.................................................................... 7

1.1.c  SRO: CHANTS............................................................8

1.1.d  DICTATION..................................................................9

1.1.e  Minimal pairs.............................................................10

1.2  DIALOGUE ONE............................................................15

1.3  INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION ABOUT FAMILY 16

1.3.a  DIALOGUE TWO..................................................... 17

1.3.b  DIALOGUE THREE..................................................17

1.4  SUPPLEMENT........................................................... 18

1.5  EXERCISES.................................................................20

Chapter Two: NOUNS........................................................27

2.  ANIMACY........................................................................ 27

2.1  NUMBER .................................................................... 29

2.1.a  EXERCISES............................................................ 31

2.1.b  QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS............................. 37

2.2  DIMINUTIVES............................................................. 51

2.2.a  EXERCISES............................................................ 52

2.3  LOCATIVES................................................................ 55

2.3.a  EXERCISES............................................................ 55

2.4  REVIEW....................................................................... 56

2.4.a  NOUNS....................................................................59

2.4.b  FILL IN THE BLANKS...................................................... 60

2.4.c  CHANGE THE FOLLOWING............................................ 61

Chapter Three: PREPOSITIONS AND PRONOUNS.................................................................................. 62

3.  LOCATION WORDS............................................................... 62

3.1  PREPOSITIONS .................................................................. 62

3.2  EXERCISES......................................................................... 63

3.3  PRONOUNS.......................................................................... 66

3.3.a  DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS......................................66

3.3.b  EXERCISES........................................................................ 68

3.4  INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS.......................................... 72

3.4.a  EXERCISES..........................................................................73

3.5  PERSONAL PRONOUNS......................................................76

3.6  EMPHATIC PRONOUNS........................................................76

3.7  EXERCISES..............................................................................77

3.8  DIALOGUE FOUR.................................................................. 78

3.9  REVIEW..................................................................................... 79

Chapter Four: ANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS........................89

4.  ANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS............................................ 89

4.1  IMPERATIVES............................................................................ 89

4.1.a  DO............................................................................................ 90

4.1.b  2-SECOND PERSON SINGULAR..........................................90

4.1.c  2P-SECOND PERSONL PLURAL .........................................91

4.1.d  21-THE IMPERATIVE INCLUSIVE......................................... 91

4.1.e  THE CONJUGATION CHARTS FOR IMPERATIVES...........91

4.1.f  DELAYED IMPERATIVES......................................................... 92

4.2  EXERCISES................................................................................. 92

4.3  INDICATIVE MOOD..................................................................... 95

4.3.a  EXAMPLES OF INDICATIVE MOOD....................................... 96

4.3.b  ANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERB PATTERNS..............................................................................................98

4.3.c  DO..................................................................................................100

4.4  THE VAI INDICATIVE AND CONJUNCT MOOD........................ 101

4.4.a  INDICATIVE THIRD PERSON SUBJECT............................... 102

4.4.b  INDICATIVE THIRD PERSON OBVIATIVE SUBJECT...........104

4.4.c  INDICATIVE FIRST PERSON SUBJECT................................ 105

4.4.d  INDICATIVE SECOND PERSON SUBJECT.......................... 106

4.4.e  GOOFICONS...............................................................................108

4.5  EXERCISES................................................................................... 109

4.5.a  TRANSLATE..................................................................................109

4.5.b  CONJUGATION OF ANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS.......... 110

4.5.c  TRANSLATE................................................................................... 111

4.5.d  EXERCISES................................................................................... 114

4.5.e  READ THEN ANSWER THE FOLLOWING............................... 116

4.5.f  ACTIVITIES DURING THE DAY....................................................... 118

4.5.g  NOTES.............................................................................................. 120

4.5.h  TEAMWORK.................................................................................... 121

4.6  DO THE FOLLOWING IN PAIRS...................................................... 122

4.7  REVIEW – VAI........................................................................................ 131

Chapter Five: INANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS................................. 132

5.  INANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS................................................ 132

5.1  WEATHER TERMS............................................................................ 132

5.1.a  EXERCISES....................................................................................... 135

5.2  FUTURE CONDITIONALS: VIIs.................................................................................................................. 135

5.2.a  EXERCISES........................................................................................135

5.2.b  FUTURE CONDITIONALS................................................................136

5.3  SEASONS................................................................................................139

5.3.a  REVIEW: VITAL STATISTICS I............................................................ 140

5.3.b  DO...........................................................................................................141

5.3.c  VITAL STATISTICS II............................................................................ 142

5.3.d  QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS....................................................................................................... 143

5.3.e  EXERCISES...........................................................................................143

5.3.f  VITAL STATISTICS III............................................................................. 144

5.3.g  QUESTIONS......................................................................................... 144

5.3.h  DIALOGUE FIVE.................................................................................... 145

5.3.i  EXERCISES............................................................................................. 147

5.4  DAYS OF THE WEEK.............................................................................. 158

5.4.a  EXERCISES........................................................................................... 159

5.5  TEMPORAL UNITS.................................................................................... 162

5.5.a  DIALOGUE SIX...................................................................................... 164

5.5.b  DIALOGUE SEVEN............................................................................... 165

5.6  TIME PHRASES........................................................................................ 166

5.6.a  REVIEW OF TEMPORAL UNITS.......................................................... 168

5.6.b READ THE TEXT THEN ANSWER THE QUESTIONS...................... 173

5.6.c  EXERCISES............................................................................................. 179

5.7  REVIEW: INANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS....................................... 186

5.7.a  DAYS OF THE WEEK............................................................................. 186

5.7.b  WEATHER CONDITIONS....................................................................... 186

5.7.c  TIMES OF DAY........................................................................................... 187

5.7.d  SEASONS.................................................................................................. 187

5.8  EXERCISES WITH VAIs AND VIIs............................................................. 188

Chapter Six: POSSESSIVES: KINSHIP TERMS.......................................... 193

6.  THE NATURE OF POSSESSIVES IN CREE.............................................. 193

6.1  KINSHIP TERMS........................................................................................... 194

6.2  KINSHIP TERMS: VERBS AND NOUNS................................................... 194

6.3  EXERCISES.................................................................................................... 195

6.4  KINSHIP TERMS: NOUNS ........................................................................ 198

6.5.a  CREE KINSHIP: COUSINS AND SIBLINGS........................................ 201

6.5.b  CREE KINSHIP SYSTEM: SEVEN GENERATIONS............................. 202

6.6  VITAL STATISTICS....................................................................................... 203

6.7  VITAL STATISTICS CONTINUED ............................................................ 205

6.8  READ THE TEXT BELOW......................................................................... 206

6.9  KINSHIP TERMS: NOUNS AND VERBS OVERVIEW......................... 207

Chapter Seven: TRANSITIVE INANIMATE VERBS................................... 208

7. TRANSITIVE INANIMATE VERBS............................................................. 208

7.1  CONNECT ANY OF THESE UNITS...................................................... 211

7.2  VTI-1 FUTURE CONDITIONAL FORMS......................................................... 211

7.3  EXERCISES WITH VTI-1.................................................................................. 212

7.4  DIALOGUE EIGHT............................................................................................. 216

7.5  DIALOGUE NINE.............................................................................................. 217

7.6  LIKES AND DISLIKES..................................................................................... 218

7.7  COLOURS AND CLOTHING......................................................................... 222

7.8  REVIEW – VTI-1............................................................................................. 229

Chapter Eight: TRANSITIVE ANIMATE VERBS................................................. 230

8.  TRANSITIVE ANIMATE VERBS................................................................... 230

8.1  EXERCISES WITH VTA AND VTI IMPERATIVES.................................. 231

8.2  CONJUGATION PATTERNS...................................................................... 233

8.3  OBVIATION........................................................................................................ 235

8.4  CONNECT ANY OF THESE UNITS............................................................... 237

8.5  REVIEW – VTA .................................................................................................. 238

8.6  EXERCISE WITH TRANSITIVE VERBS....................................................... 239

8.7  INVERSE FORMS........................................................................................... 245

8.7.a  THE ‘YOU AND ME’ SET........................................................................... 245

8.7.b  THE REGULAT INVERSE........................................................................ 246

8.7.c  VTA-FORMS: REFLEXIVES, DIRECT FORMS AND INVERSE........... 248

8.8  TRANSITIVE VERB PAIRS........................................................................... 266

8.8.a  FOODS:  INANIMATE................................................................................. 267

8.8.b  FOODS: ANIMATE....................................................................................... 268

8.8.c  ANIMATE INTRANSITIVE VERBS: USED WITH MEALS, etc................ 269

8.9  READ THE TEXT THEN ANSWER THE QUESTIONS............................ 270

8.10  IDENTIFY THE GRAMMAR POINTS......................................................... 274

8.11  INTERMEDIATE LEVEL PICTURE TEXT.................................................. 275

8.12  REVIEW – VTA .............................................................................................. 281

VERB CHARTS....................................................................................................... 282

CONJUGATION PATTERNS OF VAI, VTI-1 AND VTA............................................................................................................................. 283

WORDS FROM TEXT................................................................................................284

BIBLIOGRAPHY........................................................................................................ 298

 

Solomon Ratt

Solomon Ratt, a Woods Cree speaker and educator from Stanley Mission, Saskatchewan, is an associate professor in the Department of Indigenous Languages, Arts and Cultures at the First Nations University of Canada.
The Creative Industries Transition Fund is made possible through funding that was provided to the Saskatchewan Arts Board by the Government of Saskatchewan through the Ministry of Parks, Culture and Sport.